The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is a great political revolution
personally initiated and led by our great leader Chairman Mao under the
conditions of the dictatorship of the proletariat, a great revolution in the
realm of the superstructure. Our aim is to smash revisionism, seize back that
portion of power usurped by the bourgeoisie, exercise all-round dictatorship of
the proletariat in the superstructure, including all spheres of culture, and
strengthen and consolidate the economic base of socialism so as to ensure that
our country continues to advance in great strides along the road of socialism.
Back in 1962, at the Tenth Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee of
the Party, Chairman Mao pointed out: To overthrow a political power, it is
always necessary first of all to create public opinion, to do work in the
ideological sphere. This is true for the revolutionary class as well as for the
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This statement of Chairman Mao's dealt the Liu Shao-chi counter-revolutionary
clique a blow at the heart. It was for the sole purpose of creating public
opinion to prepare for the overthrow of the dictator of the proletariat that
they spared no effort in seizing upon the field of ideology and the
superstructure, violently exercising counter-revolutionary dictatorship over
the proletariat in the various departments they controlled and widely spreading
poisonous weeds. To overthrow them politically, we must likewise first vanquish
their counter-revolutionary public opinion by revolutionary public opinion.
Chairman Mao has always attached major importance to the struggle in ideology.
After the liberation of our country, he initiated many criticisms including
those of the film
The Life of Wu Hsun,"
the Hu Feng counter-revolutionary clique and
Studies of "The Dream of the Red Chamber."
And this time it was Chairman Mao again who led the whole Party in launching
offensive on the positions occupied by Liu Shao-chi and his gang for the
bourgeoisie. Chairman Mao wrote the celebrated essay
Where Do Correct Ideas Come from?
and other documents, in which he criticized Liu Shao-chi's bourgeois idealism
and metaphysics, criticized the departments of literature and art under Liu
Shao-chi's control as being "still dominated by 'the dead'", criticized the
Ministry of Culture by saying that "if it refuses to change, it should be
renamed the Ministry of Emperors, Kings, Generals and Ministers, the Ministry
of Talents and Beauties or the Ministry of Foreign Mummies" and said that the
Ministry of Health should likewise be renamed the "Ministry of Health for Urban