Memoirs of Lieutenant General Du Ping -- Number 4
Chinese Army Propaganda Efforts -- Telegram to the Chinese Military Commission
We are proposing to release 100 American and puppet Rhee's prisoners before the next campaign (including 30 Americans and 70 puppet prisoners). Our main effort is to publicize our lenient treatment policy towards POWs in order to overcome the enemy troops' fear of being murdered once captured. We plan to send those prisoners back through the frontline positions during the night of the 19th. Please instruct us immediately whether it is all right. The release of the POWs was to be used to confuse the enemy. "We can tell the prisoners that we are short of food supplies, that we are starving, and probably are going to withdraw back to China.
The CPVF soldiers gave them haircuts, showers, new clothes, and some traveling money. At the farewell dinner they were served extra dishes. Some were moved to tears by our actions and thanked the CPVF for saving their lives. They swore, "We will never forget the Volunteers tremendous consideration. They came to our soldiers and shook their hands and gave them hugs, saying "Thanks!" and "Goodbye!" The release of the POWs had an immediate and strong impact on international opinion. Reporters White and (?) Bowles from the Associated Press reported on November 23 that the released prisoners said the Chinese Volunteers treated them very well. The news release caused great panic among the American military authorities. They hurriedly blocked the information and started to monitor closely the released POWs.
All officers were under orders not to leak the information about the release but are referring to it as 'top secret." The French News reported that the release of the prisoners "made many officers under MacArthur extremely nervous. Wherever the American Prisoners went, there were always an American general and three colonels with them. Apparently, the former-prisoners' freedom had been taken away just because they had told the truth after their return." Trying to block the news, the American military soon sent the released prisoners back to the States. The story of our army's POW policy nevertheless spread widely and quickly among the American troops.