North Korean Leader Kim Il Sung Communist Military Leaders of the Korean War
North Korean Leader Kim Il Sung

Kim Il Sung was born into a poor family at Mangyongdae, Pyongyang on April 15, 1912 and by 1930s. Kim Il Sung, the North Korean (1948-94) was originally named Kim Sung Chu. While fighting Japanese occupation forces in the 1930s, he adopted the name Kim Il Sung after a famous Korean guerrilla leader of the early 20th cent. He was trained in Moscow before World War II, and in 1945 he became chairman of the Soviet-sponsored People's Committee of North Korea (later the Korean Workers' party). In 1948, when the People's Republic was established, he became its first premier. Between 1950 and 1953 he led his nation in the Korean War. In 1972 he relinquished the premiership but retained his position as North Korea's leader by assuming the presidency under a revised constitution. Under his rule, North Korea increased its military forces, embarked on a program of industrialization, and maintained close relations with both China and the Soviet Union. He ruled with absolute authority for over forty years until his death in 1994.

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Chinese Marshal Peng Dehuai with Kim Il Sung (right)