French Southern and Antarctic Lands
The Southern Lands consist of two archipelagos, Iles Crozet and Iles Kerguelen,
and two volcanic islands, Ile Amsterdam and Ile Saint-Paul. They contain no
permanent inhabitants and are visited only by researchers studying the native
fauna. The Antarctic portion consists of "Adelie Land," a thin slice of the
Antarctic continent discovered and claimed by the French in 1840.
Return to Visiting Locations
Location: Southeast of Africa, islands in the southern Indian Ocean, about
equidistant between Africa, Antarctica, and Australia; note - French Southern
and Antarctic Lands include Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles Crozet, and
Iles Kerguelen in the southern Indian Ocean, along with the French-claimed
sector of Antarctica, "Adelie Land"; the US does not recognize the French claim
to "Adelie Land."
Area: Total: 7,829 sq km; note: includes Ile Amsterdam, Ile Saint-Paul, Iles
Crozet and Iles Kerguelen; excludes "Adelie Land" claim of about 500,000 sq km
in Antarctica that is not recognized by the US.
Area - comparative: Slightly less than 1.3 times the size of Delaware.
Coastline: 1,232 km.
Climate and Terrain:
Population: No indigenous inhabitants (July 2002 est.) note: in 2002, there
were 145 researchers whose numbers vary from winter (July) to summer (January.
We have had 5 requests from here in April 2005.
Dependency status: Overseas territory of France since 1955.
Flag description: The flag of France is used.
Economy - overview: Economic activity is limited to servicing meteorological
and geophysical research stations and French and other fishing fleets. The fish
catches landed on Iles Kerguelen by foreign ships are exported to France and
Ports and harbors: None; offshore anchorage only.
Merchant marine: Total: 73 ships; ships by type: bulk 4, cargo 4, chemical
tanker 14, container 15, liquefied gas 5, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 17,
roll on/roll off 11, vehicle carrier 2 note: includes some foreign-owned ships
registered here as a flag of convenience: Belgium 2, France 62, Japan 3, Monaco
1, Norway 5, Sweden 1.