Chairman Mao was the first to perceive the danger of counter-revolutionary
plots of Liu Shao-chi and his gang. At the working conference of the Central
Committee in January 1962, Chairman Mao pointed out the emergence of
revisionism. At the working conference of the Central Committee at Peitaiho in
August 1962 and at the Tenth Plenary Session of the Eighth Central Committee of
the Party in September of the same year, Chairman Mao put forward more
comprehensively the basic line of our Party for the whole historical period of
socialism. Chairman Mao pointed out:
Socialist society covers a considerably long historical period. In the
historical period of socialism, there are still classes, class contradictions
and class struggle, there is the struggle between the socialist road and the
capitalist road, and there is the danger of capitalist restoration. We must
recognize the protracted and complex nature of the struggle.
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We must conduct
socialist education. We must correctly understand and handle class
contradictions and class struggle, distinguish the contradictions between
ourselves and the enemy from among the people and handle them correctly.
Otherwise a socialist country like ours will turn its opposite and degenerate,
and a capitalist restoration will take place. From now on we must remind
ourselves of this every year, every month, and every day so that we can retain
a rather sober understanding of this problem and have a Marxist-Leninist line.
This Marxist-Leninist line advanced by Chairman Mao is the lifeline of our
Party. Following this, in May 1963, under the direction of Chairman Mao, the
Draft Decision of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party on
Certain Problems in Our Present Rural Work (i.e., the 10-point Decision)
was worked out, which laid down the line, principles and policies of the Party
for the socialist education movement. Chairman Mao again warned the whole
Party: If classes and class struggle were forgotten and if the dictatorship of
the Proletariat were forgotten, "then it would not be long, perhaps only
several years or a decade, or several decades at most, before a
counter-revolutionary restoration on a national scale would inevitably occur,
the Marxist-Leninist Party would undoubtedly become a revisionist
party, a fascist party, and the whole of China would change its colour.
Comrades, please think it over. What a dangerous situation this would be!"
Thus Chairman Mao still more sharply showed the whole Party and the people of
the whole country the danger of the restoration of capitalism.