Chinese Nationalities (Gelao Minority) (Gelo)
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|Gelao Costume||Gelao Lady|
The Gelao ethnic group is distributed among some 20 cities and counties such as Zunyi, Anshun, Liupanshui, Qianjin and Zhijin in northern and western Guizhou Province. Some live also in Guangxi, Yunnan and Sichuan provinces. The Gelao are mountain subsistence farmers and hunters. A Gelao language exists but few use it, instead communicating in Chinese Miao, Yi, and Buyi. Their traditional costume is very unique. Most men wear a long gown buttoned down the front and cover their head with a black turban. The turban is decorated with tassels, which are hung from the top and back, as well as small ornaments such as sea-shells.
Women wear long-sleeved, collarless short
jackets, the back and sleeves of which are embroidered with fish-scale,
rhombus, or triangular patterns.
A vest, longer at the back than the front, is
also worn. Beneath this is worn a long pleated sheath-skirt made of batik. The
wax-printing techniques have been handed down from generation to generation.
The edge of the skirt and cuffs are dyed and embroidered to match.