Lin Biao -- On the Preparation for the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution - Page 1

China's Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is a genuine proletarian revolution on an immense scale. Chairman Mao has explained the necessity of the current great revolution in concise terms: The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is absolutely necessary and most timely for consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat, preventing capitalist restoration and building socialism. In order to comprehend this scientific thesis of Chairman Mao's fully, we should have a deep understanding of his theory on continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.

In 1952, shortly after the conclusion of the Party's Eighth National Congress, Chairman Mao made public his great work On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People, in which, following his Report to the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, he comprehensively set forth the existence of contradictions, classes, and class struggle under the conditions of the , set forth the thesis of the existence of two different types of contradictions is socialist society, those between ourselves and the enemy and those among the people, and set forth the great theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. This great work, like a radiant beacon, illuminates the course of China's socialist revolution and socialist construction and it has laid the theoretical foundation for the current Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution.

In order to have a deeper understanding of Chairman Mao's great historic contribution, it is necessary briefly to review the historical experience of international communist movement. In 1852, Marx Said:

Long before me bourgeois historians had described the historical development of this class struggle and bourgeois economists he economic anatomy of the classes. What I did that was new was to prove: 1) that the existence of classes is only bound up with particular historical phases in the development of production, 2) that the class struggle necessarily leads to the dictatorship of the proletariat, 3) that this dictatorship itself only constitutes the transition to the absolution of all classes and to a classless society.

Marx's theory of the dictatorship of the proletariat clearly distinguished scientific socialism from utopian socialism and sham socialism of every kind. Marx and Engels, fought all their lives for this theory and for its realization.

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